Sgt T W Maynard
Lancaster serial number: ED936/G
Call sign: AJ-H
Second wave. Aircraft badly damaged and mine lost, flying low over sea on outward flight. Returned to base.
Thomas William Maynard was born in Wandsworth, London on 6 September 1923, the son of Sydney and Janet Maynard. His father was a police constable. He was known to some of his family as Bill, but to others as Tom.
He joined the RAF in December 1941, and was selected for training as a wireless operator/air gunner. He crewed up with Geoff Rice and his team at 1660 Conversion Unit in October 1942 and they joined 57 Squadron on 9 December.
Maynard kept a diary for the period between starting operations on 31 December 1942 and his arrival on 617 Squadron in early April 1943. This covers the crew’s nine operations in some detail. However, heavy rain and snow for most of the winter months meant that Scampton’s grass runways became almost unusable and some of the squadron were transferred to Swinderby. It was from there on New Year’s Eve that Rice and his crew set off on their first operation – a mine-laying trip to Gironde, off the French coast. The trip went relatively smoothly: in his diary, Maynard recorded that they laid their ‘eggs’ from a height of 500ft, and sang ‘old [sic] Lang Syne’ as the New Year came in.
On no fewer than ten occasions the operation was cancelled, often at very short notice such on this occasion in January:
Jan 29th. We were briefed for Lorient tonight. Were in the kite and ready to take off when it was scrubbed. Never felt so cheesed off in my young life as we had a decent kite and it looked like an inviting target. I would like to know who actually scrubs these trips as I reckon he is a bloody fool.
On 15 March, after the crew had finally undertaken nine operations, they learned that they were to be transferred to the squadron’s new C Flight, under the command of Sqn Ldr Melvin Young, who had joined the squadron to embark on a first tour on Lancasters after winning a DFC and Bar for two tours on Whitleys and Wellingtons. Maynard, who was still frustrated at the number of operations which had been cancelled at the last moment, wrote that this was a ‘Bad show as we were well satisfied in B Flight.’
By 25 March the flight comprised five crews, captained by Melvin Young, Bill Astell, Geoff Rice, Sgt George Lancaster and Sgt Ray Lovell. It was decided to post the whole flight over to the new squadron being formed at the same base to undertake training for a special mission. Rice and his crew had actually gone on leave the day before, and they did not find out about the transfer until they returned to base on 1 April. Rice protested at the transfer, but to no avail. Maynard recorded that they had ‘got back to find we are in a new squadron, 617, very hush-hush’. The next two entries cover what happened next:
April 2nd. Had our interview with our new CO, Wing Commander Gibson DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar, very young. He told us we (the squadron) were formed for a special mission of which even he had not the faintest idea and we have to spend the next weeks training low level by day and by night. We changed billets to the new squadron.
April 3rd. The weather is not too bad. We did a five and a half hour low level trip today and it was wizard over Wales and south west England. Lost our trailing aerial in the Bristol Channel. Ended by bombing at Wainfleet from 100ft. This is the goods when you are authorised to get down to the deck.
After writing this, Maynard must have decided to take the emphasis on security seriously, since this is the final entry in his diary.
The crew then flew on nine operations before being posted together from 57 Squadron to the new squadron being formed at the same base to undertake training for a special mission.
Like all the squadron’s mid upper gunners, Bill Maynard was switched to the front turret of the specially modified Lancasters for the Dams Raid.
Maynard flew with Rice and the rest of his crew on the handful of successful operations between the Dams Raid and December 1943, and was promoted to Flight Sergeant. However, the crew’s luck ran out on 20 December when they were shot down 14,000 feet above Merbes-Le Chateau in Belgium. Although Rice gave the order to bale out, there wasn’t time and the aircraft exploded. Rice seems to have been thrown clear by the explosion, and somehow landed in a wood but the bodies of the remaining six crew members were found in the wreckage.
Bill Maynard and his five colleagues were buried in Gosselies Communal Cemetery, near Hainaut, Belgium.
More about Maynard online:
Entry on Commonwealth War Graves Commission website
Page about Rice crew burial site, Gosselies cemetery
Maynard’s diary is held in the collection at Thorpe Camp Vistors Centre.
Rank and decorations as of 16 May 1943.
Nigel Press, All My Life, Lancfile Publishing 2006
Richard Morris, Guy Gibson, Penguin 1995
John Sweetman, The Dambusters Raid, Cassell 2002
John Sweetman, David Coward and Gary Johnstone, The Dambusters, Time Warner 2003
The information above has been taken from the books and online sources listed above, and other online material. Apologies for any errors or omissions. Please add any corrections or links to further information in the comments section below.
Further information about Bill Maynard and the other 132 men who flew on the Dams Raid can be found in my book The Complete Dambusters, published by History Press in 2018.
Thanks for sharing and keep up the good work!
Fantastic site, a great tribute to those men.
Visited April of 2015. It is nice to see that the crew were buried at the same site, very peaceful.
John Thrasher, bomb aimer was my mother’s eldest brother.
Good to read more information about a relative, my nans uncle. would like to visit his grave in Belguim
Hi Paul, Bill Maynard is my Great Uncle he was my Grandfather’s brother. I have some photos and other bits I am happy to share – if you can let me have an email address. Regards Mark
Regarding Dambuster of the day No 90 -William Maynard.
My husband Alexander Maynard (who is now 98) is Williams elder brother.
We must be related. Bill was my fathers younger brother. My dad is Alexander Maynard…
Hi Mark, TW Maynard was my uncle Bill, my dad was Alfred one of his older brothers, I have been to Gosselies with my mother Dorothy before she passed away, the graves are well maintained. Regards John.
Bill Maynard was my great uncle, my grandads brother
Hi Joanne, if you are who I think you are we are cousins. My mum was Joyce and Dad Maurice. Bill Maynard was my Great Uncle. Let me know if this rings any bells with you relation wise. Regards Mark
Hi Mark, yes it is me your cousin, you have the right person. My Mum is Chris your Dad’s sister. I’ve not seen you for years. Hope you are well. My son (7, Ryan) asked if we had anybody famous in our family so I told him about his great great uncle & searched Dambusters & Bill’s name & came across this blog. Ryan was so intrigued by the history.
Regards Jo x
Hi Jo, thanks for the reply so good to hear from you. I saw your Mum last year, it as good to see her. How freaky that your son is called Ryan – so is mine but he is a bit older 16. I have some photos of Great Uncle Bills grave I will sort them out and send them to you so Ryan can see them. Take care Mark x
T W Maynard was my uncle Bill, I was not quite 2 years old when he was killed on 20/12/1943; my daughter was born on 20/12/1970.
Hi Mark, that’s a coincidence that we both called our son’s Ryan. Thank you he would love to see some photos thank you. Are you still living in Ware? We are in Hoddesdon. Jo x
Hi Mark and Joanne
I am emailing both of you with each other’s contact details. That way you can conduct your conversation more privately. Best wishes to you both — Charles
I was hoping to find out what medals were awarded to my uncle Thomas William Maynard, I believe that they were returned to Bomber Command after my Father Alfred Sydney Maynard passed away.
I will try to dig out a photo of Bills medals.
They came up on an auction site circa 8 to 10 years ago. The seller was anonymous. I did bid to try to win them back for the family but unfortunately I wasn’t successful. I don’t know who won them.